Communities affected by mining in the Tarkwa Region of Ghana, June 2010.

After Ghana secured its independence in 1957, it nationalized much of its mining industry, but the sector stagnated for the next three decades. In the 1980s, virtually all of Ghana‟s economy was in shambles. The nation was forced to borrow money from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, with conditions attached.

One of these conditions was the privatization of enterprises such as the extractive industry. Although this produced some positive results, there were also negative effects. Attempting to benefit the nation economically, the Ghanaian government has rewarded large-scale mining companies, sometimes to the detriment of local communities. Additionally, little work or income for local populations has resulted from this switch to private industry. Foreign owned and internationally run companies dominate large-scale mining in Ghana. Read full document...